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燕京大学教授笔下的魏士毅烈士

信息来源: ?天津日报 发布日期:2019/10/11
 

    2016年3月18日,是天津籍燕京大学女生魏士毅烈士殉难90周年纪念日。此前,我读到她的国文教师俞丹石、周作人的日记与书信,从中看到了燕大教授笔下有关魏士毅烈士的记载。

乐虎APP下载    weishiyi,yuanmingweishijuan,1904nian2yue19richushengyutianjin。1919nianxiaoxuebiyehou,tayiyouyichengjikaorutianjinsiliyanshinvzizhongxue。dushuqijian,tabujinxuexiqinfenkeku,erqieguanxinguojiaqiantu,jijicanjiakangyidiguozhuyiqinfanzhongguozhuquandulihelingtuwanzhengdejihui、youxing、yanjiangdenghuodong。1923nian,takaoruyanjingdaxuenvxiaoyuke,cinianshengruyandanvxiaolikeshuxuexi。1926nian3yue18ri,zaifankangdiguozhuyihebeiyangjunfadedouzhengzhongxisheng,nianjin23sui。

    dangshi,wenshizhuanjia、fanyijia、yuyuedezhisunyudanshi,zhengfuzeyandawenlikenannvliangxiaoxueshengguowenbixiukedejiaoxuerenwu,zheishitabujinrenshi,erqiezairijizhongjizaileweishiyiyunanqianhoudeqingjing。

    1926nian3yue18ri,weifanduiri、ying、mei、fadengbaguogongshiduizhongguotichudezuihoutongdie,beijinggejieminzhongshuqianrenzaitiananmenqianjihuikangyi。huihou,youxingzhiduanqiruizhizhengfumenqianqingyuan,yaoqiuquzhubaguogongshichujing,zaodaojunjingkaiqiangzhenya,sishangzhezhongduo,zaochengzhenjingzhongwaide“sanyibacanan”。

乐虎APP下载    neiyitian,yandanannvliangxiaoxueshengzaicanjiashiweiyouxingzhongyebuxingsishangduoren。yudanshizairijizhongjixialezaochengcanandejutiyuanyou。taxiedao:“lianribaozaiguominjunzaidagukouzhupaoleiyifangfengjiangongxi。qianshuriyiwuhuiguyipaojirijian,shuangfangsishangbujiershiren。rishidandutichukangyiwai,qiejiuhegongshituanxiazuihouzhijinggao,weiyushibarizhengwu,zhongyangzhengfubuyubaozhang,geguojichengrenzhongyangwuyueshujunfanengli,jiangzidongdepaiquzuaijiaotongzhizhangaiwu。”jianyuci,1926nian3yue17ri,xueshengmenyijing“tongfuguowuyuanqingyuan,jieguoyuweiduichongtu,shurenfushang”。

    3yue18riqingchen,yudanshizhaolizhiyandanvxiaoshouke,ercishixueshengmenyiwuxintingkele。diyishiduanweibenkeyinianjishangguowenkeshi,xueshengmenjixiangtaxunwenzhongwaisuoding《xinchoutiaoyue》jidagukouchongtudeshiqing,tajiyuxiangxijieda。dierjiekeyinweixueshengmenyaokailinshihui,benkeernianjideguowenkejiuquxiaole。yudanshiyanjianyandanvxiaodexueshengmen“jieduichuxiao,shizhijinritiananmenshangyouguomindahui”。neitianwuhouershixu,tatingdaobeijingcheng“nanfangqiqiangsheng,shengruoguanzhu,weizhilinran”。taganjinpaodaolushangxunwen,fangzhi“guowuyuanzhongzhengzaiweishaqingyuanxuesheng”。talijijiyandanannvliangxiaodadianhuaxunwenqingkuang,erdianhuayijingbunengjietong。yinweidiannianxueshengmendeanwei,tayiye“zhanzhuanbunengchengmei”。

乐虎APP下载    3yue19ri,ganghaoshixingqiwu,yandananxiaoyouke。yudanshimaoxueqianwang,fangdezhi18rideqingyuan,yandananshengshoushang7ren,nvshengsi、shangge1ren,erzheiliangmingnvshengyoudoushitadexuesheng。xunnanlieshiweishiyideyitiyiyouyandanvxiaowenlikekezhang、meiguonvxuezhefeibinguichenqinwanglinghui,tingfangzaiyandanvxiaodelitangzhong。zaiciqingkuangxia,keshishangbulele。yushi,tagoumaileyishuxianhua,zhinvxiaodiaoyanxueshengweishiyi。tazaidangtianderijizhongxiedao:“weishengzaiernianjidushu,renjiwenshu,wujiyanjuse,zaocicuizhe,zhikanwanxi。”tahaijizaileweishiyi“suoshouzhishangzizuoruru,ziyoujichu,dagaisuozhongxixinfang,liangyiwuduotongku。shishenxizuoyeyoufeikezhangqinwanglinghui”。weishiyidewugucansi,shenshencitongleyudanshidexin。

乐虎APP下载    neiyitian,yudanshiyizhiliuzaiyandanvxiao,dengdaicanjiaxiawusishijuxingdezhuidaohui。zhongtu,tagandaoshentibushi,“xiongzhongzuoe,suoshijietu”,raner,tarengranjianchicanjiawanzhuidaohui,caihuizhuchuxiuxi。neiyitian“jingrixue,heyinhuhan”,tagandaolaotiansihuyezai“zhurenbeitongye”。

乐虎APP下载    1926nian3yue23rihe24ri,yudanshizhaoli“chenqizhinvxiao”,“zhiyanda”,junweinengshangke。dangshi,minguodaxuexiaozhangcengtiyiyubeijingzhongshangongyuangongzangxunnanzhulieshi,binglaihanzhengxunyandadeyijian。weici,yudanshidaiyandaxiaozhangsituleidengnileyizhifuhan,gaozhi:“dangyicihanzhuangaoweishiyinvshijiashu,quqitongyi,zaixingfengfu。zhiyuciantangnengchengli,dangranzantong。jiweinvshiyihaiweinengjiaru,fanyougongzang、gongjidianli,benxiaodeyoutongzhi,juedangjingjincanyu,yiweixunnanzhulieshiyinghun。”yudanshidefuhanmingquedaibiaoyandaxiaofangbiaoletai。

    zai“sanyibacanan”fashenghoudejitianli,xuexiaolidekechengjihuquandouwufazhengchangjinxing。jizaoanfuxueshengmendexinqing,bushangluoxiadegongke,jiuchenglexuexiaodedangwuzhiji。zuoweijiaoshi,yudanshihennenglijiexueshengmendexinqing,tanichuhuanjieqingxudehaobanfa。3yue27rishangwu,tajiangyandanvxiaolianggenianjidekechengjungaiweitanhuahui,bingxiangquantixueshengfaqizhengwenhuodong,rangtamenzhuanxiejinianweishiyilieshidewenzhang,jieyijituoaisi,shuhuanqingxu,paijieyoushang。cishi,yudanshiyishiaizhengwanqihuanzhe,tayiduixueshengdeaixin、tongqinghelijie,weiweishiyilieshihetadetongxuemenzuoletanenggouzuodesuoyoushiqing。sigeyuehou,tazaibeijingbingshi。

    1926nianqiu,fensanzaibeijingdongchengdeyanjingdaxuenannvliangxiao,qianruleyiweiminghuweizhongxindehaidianyanyuanxinxiaoshezhong。1927nian3yue,yandanannvliangxiaojinvfuzhongxueshenghuiquantihuiyuanzaiyanyuanxiujianle“weishiyinvshijinianbei”,beidejizuoshangkezhe《weishiyinvshijinianbeiming》:“……guoyoujuduzhengbugang,chenghusheshuzhengtiaoliang。gongmendiexuejianwoliang,xishengxiaojizhongquchang。beidouwujiunanjiyang,minxinxiangbeiguanxingwang。yuanhousizhezhangwuwang。”

    weishiyisuiranmeiyouxiangshoudaoyanyuanxinxiaoshedewenxin,danshi,tade“jinianbei”beixiujianzaileshishengmenqushangkedebijingzhidi,ranglieshideyingmingyuyanyuantongzai。

    1928nianchu,“sanyibacanan”fashenghoudedisannian,yanjingdaxueguowenxijiaoshouzhouzuorenweijinianzaicananzhongxunnandezhulieshi,tejiangyandaxiujiande“weishiyinvshijinianbei”zhaopian,jijishanghaibeixinshujudelixiaofeng,qingtafabiaozai《yusi》zazhishang,tixingrenmenbuyaowangji“sanyibacanan”suofuchudecanzhongdaijia。neishide《yusi》zhoukanyiyoubeijingyizhishanghaibianjichuban。zhouzuorenzaixinzhongshuo:“oujianchuyanda‘weishiyinvshijinianbei’zhaopian,bujinkaitan,sanyibazhijinyishisannianle。beifangbubishuo,nanfangyirekuangditaochi,fangfoguomindangzhizongzhishizaimiegongzhe,xianggengwuxialaiguanbiedexianshi,sanyibadesizhekongpazhongyushibaisile。beijinggexiaoweiyandajiqinghualiangchuzongsuanyijianlileyizuoshibei,——quniansanyueshibaridaoqinghuaqushicengjiandaoweijundebei,zheiyikuaibeizemeilibaiqushangkebiyaozouguojici,suoyijidegengweimingbai。zainanfangzhedayueweibizhidao,gufushang,qichashou,ruyoujihuishizhitongban(shaofangdagenghao)nengzai《yusi》dengshangyifabiaoyijia。”

    lixiaofengshoudaozhouzuorendexinhezhaopianhou,jizai1928nian1yue14ri《yusi》di4juandi5qishang,yibingkandengchulai。zhouzuorendexinyi《“sanyiba”desizhe》weiti,fabiaozaizazhidezuimo,er“jinianbei”deliangzhangzhaopianfangdahoufabiaozaizazhidezuiqianbian,yiwei“jinianbei”quanjing,yiweijizuohebeiming,beimingshangdexiaoziyeyixikejian。liangzhangzhaopianzhengzhengzhanyongle32kaizazhidelianggebanmian。ercishijuyanda“weishiyinvshijinianbei”dejianchenghaiweimanyinian。《yusi》zazhitongguokandeng“jinianbei”dezhaopianhezhouzuorende“kaitan”,weiweishiyilieshiliuxialeyongjiudejinian。(wen/sunyurong)